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Welcome to Mexico D.F !

Mexico DF

Welcome to Mexico DF

Mexico DF is the Federal District from which Distrito Federal or DF is derived and the capital of Mexico along with the seat of the federal powers of the Mexican Union. Therefore, it is a federal entity within Mexico which is not part of any one of the 31 Mexican states but is a distinct area of the federation as a whole. Mexico DF is just one of over 60 official online guides covering the whole of Mexico. If you´re planning a trip to Mexico and would like discover our fabulous nation before visiting or, if you´d like to visit a specific place in Mexico, then you´ve come to the right place.

Mexico City is by far the country’s largest city as well as its most important political, cultural, financial center and educational hub. Mexico DF is one of Mexico´s most popular places, visited by millions of people over the last decade. When you travel to Mexico DF you may wish to check out the Mexico DF hotels we have available or maybe you´d like to rent a car in Mexico DF? We also offer extensive day trips in Mexico DF. This unique place has simply amazing. We´ve also compiled a list of Travel books on Mexico DF Mexico.

Mexico City is universally recognized as one of the most important financial centers in North America. Located in the Valley of Mexico (Valle de México) at an altitude of 2,240 meters (7,350 ft) which is a large valley in the high plains right at the center of Mexico, The city consists of sixteen administrative boroughs.

In 2013 the estimated population for the city itself was around 9 million people and has a land area extending some 1,485 square kilometers (573 sq mi). Current estimations, agreed upon by the federal and state governments, total the Mexico City metropolitan area population at 21.5 million people. This gives Mexico DF three distinct accolades as the largest metropolitan area in the western hemisphere, the fifth largest urban agglomeration and the largest Spanish-speaking city on the planet.

Whether you are visiting Mexico DF in Mexico for business, pleasure or both, we´re sure that Mexico DF will meet all of your expectations and that the people of Mexico DF will make you feel welcome while sampling some of the unique cuisine on offer in the Mexico DF Restaurant districts.

Mexico DF Art, Culture & Museums

Mexico City Art Museums

Mexico City is one of the most recognized cultural centers in the world, boasting more museums than any other city on the planet. It also comes third place in the number of theaters in the world, after London and New York. Having been the capital of a extensive pre-Hispanic empire, plus the capital of richest viceroyalty within the Spanish Empire (who ruled over a vast territory in the Americas and the Spanish East Indies), and, finally, the capital of the Mexican federation, Mexico City is a city with a profound history of artistic expression.

The early inhabitants of the settlements around Lake Texcoco produced many works of art and complex craftsmanship, some of which are today displayed at the world renowned National Museum of Anthropology and also at the Templo Mayor museum. Many pieces of pottery and stone-engraving have survived; however the great majority of the Amerindian iconography was sadly destroyed during the Spanish Conquest of Mexico.

mexico city metropolitan cathedral

Oddly, during colonial times the first art produced was that of the codices generated to preserve or recuperate Amerindian iconography and history. Since then, artistic expressions in Mexico have been mostly religious in nature. Mexico DF´s Metropolitan Cathedral still displays works by Juan de Rojas, Juan Correa and at least one oil painting whose authorship has been attributed to Murillo. More famous works of art of this period include the equestrian sculpture of Charles IV of Spain, locally known as El Caballito, in Spanish “The small horse”. This bronze piece, was the work of the acclaimed artist Manuel Tolsá and it has been situated at the Plaza Tolsá, in front of the Palacio de Minería (Palace of Mining). Right in front of this building is the beautiful Museo Nacional de Arte known as Munal for short, or in English the National Museum of Art.

National Museum of Art Mexico City

The 19th century, brought many famous pieces of art from what was the Academia de San Carlos (San Carlos Art Academy) which had been founded during colonial times, and which later became the Escuela Nacional de Artes Plásticas (the National School of Visual Arts), which is currently one of the art schools of UNAM. Numerous works produced by the students and faculty of that time are today displayed in the Museo Nacional de San Carlos (National Museum of San Carlos). José María Velasco, one of the students, is considered one of the greatest Mexican landscape painters of the 19th century. During Porfirio Díaz’s regime that the government heavily sponsored the arts, especially those that followed the French styles and school. Despite this, popular arts in the form of cartoons and illustrations became very popular, like those of José Guadalupe Posada and Manuel Manilla. The permanent collection of the San Carlos Museum also includes paintings by European artists such as Velázquez, Murillo, Rubens and the unmistakable work of Rembrandt.

After the Mexican Revolution, an avant-garde artistic movement originated in Mexico City called “muralism” which is literally translated as wall painting. Many of the painting by the muralists José Clemente Orozco, David Alfaro Siqueiros and Diego Rivera are displayed in various buildings in the city, especially at the National Palace and the Palacio de Bellas Artes.

Frida Kahlo museum mexico city

The painter Frida Kahlo who was the wife of Rivera, had strong nationalist expression in her art and was also one of the most renowned of Mexican painters of her time. Her private house has been turned into museum that displays many of her works.

The former home of Rivera muse called Dolores Olmedo House is the namesake this museum.

Dolores Olmedo House Mexico City

The museum is located in the Xochimilco precinct in the southern part of the city and consists of several buildings surrounded by elegant manicured lawns. It houses a large collection of Rivera and Kahlo paintings and drawings, as well as living Xoloizcuintles (Mexican Hairless Dog). It also regularly hosts small but important temporary exhibits of classical and modern art (e.g. Venetian Masters and Contemporary New York artists).

Many national artists of the 20th century immigrated to Mexico City from different regions of Mexico, like Leopoldo Méndez, the famed engraver from Veracruz, who supported the creation of the Taller de la Gráfica Popular (Popular Graphics Workshop), designed to help blue-collar workers find a venue to express their artistic tendencies. My other painters came from abroad, like the Catalan painter Remedios Varo and other Spanish and Jewish exiles. As in most post socialist nations, it was in the second half of the 20th century that the artistic movement began to drift away from the Revolutionary theme within their art.

Mexico DF Economy

Mexico Distrito federal

The city is responsible for creating 21% of Mexico’s Gross Domestic Product and the metropolitan area accounted for an astounding 34% of total national GDP of Mexico. This makes Mexico DF a powerhouse of revenue for the Mexican nation and the hub of most commerce and business. Current figures give Greater Mexico City a gross domestic product of US$410 billion, making Mexico City urban area the 8th richest metropolitan area in the world and, subsequently, the central icon of wealth in Mexico.

Mexico DF Recent History & Today

Mexico Distrito federal center

During the rest of the 20th century Mexico DF has experienced the phenomenal growth of the city and its environmental and political Costs. The population in the year 1900of Mexico City was about 500,000.

Torre Latinoamericana Mexico City

Thereafter, the city began to grow quickly westward in the early part of the twentieth century and then began to grow upwards in the early 1950s, with the now infamous Torre Latinoamericana becoming MEXICO DF´s first skyscraper.

Olympic Games Mexico 1968

The Olympic Games held here in 1968 brought about the construction of large sporting facilities. Then, in 1969, the excellent Mexico DF Metro system was inaugurated. Due to the above factors and the accumulation of wealth in the area, explosive growth in the population of the city started in the 1960s, with the population overflowing the boundaries of the Federal District into the neighboring state of Mexico, particularly to the north, northwest and northeast. Between 1960 and 1980 the city’s population experienced massive increases when it more than doubled to 8.9 million. In 1980, 50% of all the industrial jobs in Mexico were located in Mexico City meaning that many provinces and major cities lost their populations as people gravitated to almost guaranteed employment in Mexico DF. Under persistent growth, the Mexico City government could hardly keep up with basic services to meet the demands of its population. Mexicans from rural areas continued to pour into the city to escape poverty which only escalated the city’s problems. With little housing available, local migrants took over lands surrounding the city, creating mammoth shantytowns that ran for many miles. This caused severe air pollution in Mexico City and also massive water pollution problems, as well as a sinking city primarily due to over extraction of groundwater and directly related subsidence. Due to government programs, air and water pollution has been contained and improved in many areas of Mexico DF, the renovation of vehicles with catalytic converters and the modernization of public transportation by utilizing cleaner electric power sources.

Mexico DF History

Mexico DF Old Map

Originally built on an island of Lake Texcoco by the Aztecs in 1325 as Tenochtitlan, Mexico D.F was almost completely destroyed in the 1521 siege of Tenochtitlan, and consequently redesigned and rebuilt in line with Spanish urban standards. In 1524, the municipality of Mexico City was established; known as México Tenochtitlán and, just 61 short years later in 1585, it was officially changed to the current name of Mexico City (Ciudad de Mexico). Mexico City was the political, administrative and financial center of a large part of the Spanish colonial empire. After independence from Spain was achieved, the Federal District or locally know as DF was established in 1824.

In 1997 and after years of demanding greater political freedom, residents of Mexico DF were given the right to directly elect the Head of Government and the representatives of the unicameral Legislative Assembly through popular vote. Since 1997, the left-wing Party of the Democratic Revolution (PRD) has controlled both facets of the local government. Mexico DF has been at the forefront of liberal views because in recent years, the local government has passed a barrage of liberal policies, such as abortion on request, a restricted form of euthanasia, same-sex marriage and even no-fault divorces.

The speedy modern development finally led to the Mexican Revolution. The most significant episode of this period for the city was the La decena trágica (“The Ten Tragic Days”), a military coup against President Francisco I. Madero and his vice president, José María Pino Suárez. The military uprising began when Victoriano Huerta, chief general of the Federal Army identified a chance to take power, forcing Madero and Pino Suarez to sign their joint resignations. The two were then subsequently murdered later while on their way to prison.